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Bookkeeping Systems To Use For Small Business

Before settling on a certain method to maintain a record of financial transactions for a company’s operations, it is essential to have a solid understanding of the many accounting methods now available.

By way of illustration, by investigating the many kinds of bookkeeping systems, you will be able to determine which style of accounting system is most suitable for the company or client that you represent.

The art of creating excellent goods and services, constructing successful teams, and gaining the trust of one’s clientele is a skill that has been mastered by millions of owners of small businesses and entrepreneurs starting new ventures. On the other hand, many of them would most likely fail accounting for beginners.

If you don’t have a solid understanding of the many “accounts” that your bookkeeper uses to keep track of your finances, you won’t be able to accurately measure the success (or lack thereof) of your efforts as a business owner.

Skills in digital marketing, for example, aren’t enough if you don’t have a clear financial picture of your firm and run into cash flow concerns. Those issues may be avoided.

Accounting software is beneficial to owners of small businesses because it enables them to manage accounts receivable and payable, obtain an accurate understanding of the profitability of their organisation, and get ready for tax season. In the context of accounting software, a “small firm” is defined as an organisation that can use “out-of-the-box” software without requiring significant customization.

Because of the increasingly complex nature of a growing business’ accounting needs, it is essential for that business to implement a specialised enterprise resource planning (ERP) system.

You wouldn’t go to the doctor if all you wanted was to have your legs checked out.

You want a comprehensive checkup, don’t you? The same holds true for the various financial aspects of your firm. You not only need to know the amount in your personal bank account, but you also need to know everything there is to know about the finances of your company.

According to the advice of a writer for small businesses, Joshua Adamson-Pickett, doing so would not only assist you in making sound decisions in the here and now but also in planning for the future of your firm. In addition to this, it assists you in preventing fraud and prepares you for audits conducted by the government.

The conventional method of bookkeeping utilised either of two approaches. Using the systems, accountants and bookkeepers calculated corporate data and presented financial statements manually in accordance with federal regulations.

In this day and age of digitalisation, the two most common bookkeeping methods are still in operation; nevertheless, it is far simpler to perform bookkeeping tasks for your company using a computer than it is to do so manually.

As a consequence of this, many proprietors of businesses decide either to handle their own bookkeeping or to contract it out to accounting specialists located elsewhere.

Bookkeepers and accountants rely on tried-and-true methods to accomplish their day-to-day responsibilities in a timely and accurate manner.

Because they use a trustworthy accounting system, they are able to compile their company’s records either automatically or manually, and they satisfy the requirements set forth by the federal government.

Accounting technology such as automation, bookkeeping software, and other software rely on one of many methods for monitoring accounting-related data and costs. There are a variety of these methods.

To choose the ideal bookkeeping system for your company, it is essential to have a solid understanding of how these systems operate and whether or not they are compatible with the way you already do business.

Learn as much as you can about your options, whether you want to manually compute your finances using these methods or use software to do your books. You should do this regardless of whether you intend to manually compute your finances or use software.

Individual Tax Return

What Is Bookkeeping?

The subject of bookkeeping is one that is difficult, exciting, challenging, and most importantly, gratifying. It is a field that is continually developing. It all comes down to having a solid understanding of how a firm functions, followed by the provision of accurate data that informs the company of exactly how well it is doing in its operations. It provides outstanding opportunities for professional advancement to people of varying ages and walks of life.

Luca Pacioli, a Cistercian monk, is credited with developing the core notion of double entry bookkeeping more than five hundred years ago. His method is one of the few that has survived until modern times and is applied all around the world, making bookkeeping a truly global activity.

On the website of the Institute of Certified Bookkeepers, information can be found that explains how one can become a book-keeper as well as how one can join the Institute.

People who already have a certification in bookkeeping or who have worked in the field for a significant amount of time but who now want the assistance of a professional organisation to help them further their careers can also benefit from this.

Bookkeeping refers to the process of keeping a record of all of a company’s financial transactions on a daily basis. With efficient bookkeeping, businesses are able to keep track of all the information on their books and make important decisions regarding their operations, investments, and financing.

Bookkeepers are the individuals who are responsible for managing all of an organization’s financial data. If they did not hire bookkeepers, businesses would not be aware of their current financial status or the operations taking place within the company.

Accurate bookkeeping is necessary for external users, such as investors, financial institutions, and the government, so that they may make more informed decisions on investment and lending.

Bookkeeping that is easy to understand, accurate, and trustworthy is vital for users both inside and outside of an organisation.

The process of precisely and methodically documenting financial data that is linked to operations carried out by a company is known as bookkeeping.

It includes all aspects of accounting work, including the function of keeping records, as its scope of coverage. Many different kinds of accounting and approaches are utilised in the process of managing books of accounts.

The Significance of Bookkeeping

Bookkeeping that is accurate is one approach that companies can use to analyse the amount of performance that they are achieving.

In addition to this, it offers information on fundamental strategy possibilities and serves as a jumping off point for identifying the sales and profit goals that should be pursued. In conclusion, once a company is up and running, it is absolutely required to invest a significant amount of time and money to the preservation of accurate records. This is a necessity that cannot be avoided.

Because of the high costs connected with doing so, some less substantial businesses have made the decision not to employ accountants on a full-time basis.

Instead of doing it themselves, small businesses should hire a bookkeeper or a professional agency to handle the process.

One thing that should be kept in mind is that a lot of people who are interested in launching a new business forget about the importance of things like properly logging each and every penny that is spent. This is something that should be kept in mind.

Bookkeeping Systems

Single-Entry System

In single-entry accounting, each transaction can only be recorded against one of two categories: either an income account or an expense account. A cash book is a good example of this method of record-keeping for a business.

This is the complete antithesis of double-entry accounting, which requires a transaction to be recorded in two or more ledger accounts using journals, both as debits and credits, and the totals of these accounts have to balance.

The single-entry accounting method is used by companies that have either a small number of or only the most fundamental transactions.

This system keeps track of both cash sales and corporate costs that are paid as they are incurred in the business. It does this in real time. It is quite unlikely that businesses that have a high volume of accounts receivable, payable, or capital transactions will employ this strategy.

In addition, the bookkeeping records for this system do not link transactions to the accounts to which they should be credited. This makes it more difficult to keep track of both income and expenditures.

The cash sales notebook, the cash disbursement diary, and your bank statements are what you need to use the single-entry method of bookkeeping.

When money is received, a record of this event is made in the sales diary, and when money is spent, a record of this event is made in the disbursement log.

The transactions in your bank account and the entries in your journal should be identical.

Single-entry accounting, in which there are few or no transactions, is frequently used by small enterprises.

It is frequently considered to be a straightforward, functional, and casual method of recording. Most of the time, the only items it keeps track of are cash outflows, cash inflows, sales, and purchases. Memorandums and notes are the only formats used to retain accounting records, including those pertaining to inventory, equipment, and capital.

A single-entry accounting system maintains a daily summary of cash receipts in addition to a monthly summary of cash receipts and disbursements, which respectively show revenue and expenditures. Additionally, a single-entry accounting system maintains a summary of cash disbursements.

The single-entry bookkeeping system affects only one account, unlike the double-entry bookkeeping system, which affects two accounts with each transaction.

A cash transaction, for instance, is solely recorded as an increase in cash receipts or deposits; there is no sales account associated with such a transaction.

Due to the lack of a precise recording mechanism, the single-entry accounting system, on the other hand, is more prone to error and incompleteness than the double-entry bookkeeping system. This is because the single-entry system is more common.

Although it is an adequate method of record-keeping for tax purposes for small and simple businesses, it may not provide a meaningful assessment of a company’s vital financial data.

Many owners of small businesses have found that the single-entry method is the most effective approach available.

Keeping track of large amounts of data is difficult using this system, despite the fact that it is less sophisticated than other systems.

It is referred to as a single-entry data system due to the fact that the accounting records contain an entry for each individual item. Cash sales and operating expenses are the primary focuses of this section. Because it is unable to keep track of increasingly complex expenditures, it is strongly recommended that large companies refrain from utilising it.

The only way for a single-entry system to function correctly is if expenses are recorded as soon as they are paid for.

It does this by using cash disbursement diaries, cash sales notebooks, and recorded bank statements to retain a record of all of the transactions.

Whenever a transaction repeats itself, a new entry is created in one of these journals and logged.

At the end of a specified amount of time, such as a week or a month, the data will be reviewed and compared to the bank account in order to ensure accuracy.

It’s a great approach for small businesses and startups to budget and keep track of their finances. It’s simple to keep up with, and business owners seldom need to recruit outside support. It may be done manually or with an Excel spreadsheet.

As a result of there being fewer observations, it is also much simpler to evaluate profit and loss over the course of time.

When dealing with more sophisticated costs, companies should avoid using this method.

This structure is perfect for businesses who don’t have accounts payable, accounts receivable, or frequent capital transfers because these operations become too cumbersome for the simplicity of this structure.

However, it does not have the capability to track assets and commitments; as a result, small businesses who have high-risk assets or expensive assets should investigate other available choices.

Similar difficulties will arise when attempting to generate long-term estimates for companies that rely on single-entry accounting systems. There is not enough information available to make an accurate prediction on the company’s current financial situation or its future development. Obtaining auditing decisions might also be challenging.

The single entry method of bookkeeping is the most fundamental kind of accounting. The single-entry method, as opposed to the double-entry method, does not require the assistance of an experienced and knowledgeable specialist. Instead, the book-keeper only needs to record the transactions in a single direction.

This suggests that the consequence of each transaction is only recorded with regard to a particular element at a time. For instance, the only impacts that are recorded for any of the company’s transactions are those that occur on the cash account. The double-enter method is significantly more labor-intensive than this one. On the other hand, it has a great deal more disadvantages than the latter.

The single entry system has a long history in accounting. According to scientists, its origins may be traced all the way back to ancient civilizations. As a result, nothing is known about its beginnings. However, traders utilized it as early as 2000 BC as the oldest accounting technique.

The single entry, which is considered to be the “prototype” of modern accounting, is lacking in many of the functions that its more up-to-date iteration may supply. Despite this, it has a number of advantages that make it a better choice for some smaller businesses than other available alternatives.


  • For people without accounting experience, it is easier to comprehend and implement.
  • It is less expensive to deploy because no experienced or qualified professionals are required.


  • It is the single-entry approach. As a result, mistakes are simpler to overlook.
  • It does not accurately depict the company’s genuine earnings and losses.
  • Because there are no counterbalancing accounts to compare against, fraud is simple.

To summarize, the business owner makes the decision between a single entry system and a double-entry system. Whatever strategy you use, remember to seek professional advice to prevent making mistakes that might harm your organization.

Double-Entry Bookkeeping System

The double-entry bookkeeping system is the conventional technique of record-keeping used by most organizations, bookkeepers, and accountants.

In comparison to the single-entry system, the double-entry technique of bookkeeping takes a more involved and complex approach to the task at hand.

It explains the concept of debit and credit, which states that for every transaction, something is received (debit) and something is given up (credit), and that each transaction affects two or more accounts. Additionally, it claims that for every transaction, something is received (debit) and something is given up (credit). In addition to that, it mentions that each transaction has an impact on two or more accounts simultaneously.

The benefit of the double-entry bookkeeping system is that it has a method in place to guarantee that company transactions are accurately and completely recorded.

As a consequence of this, it is a dependable source of financial data and an accurate evaluation of the status or performance of an organisation.

Double-entry bookkeeping is a common practise in companies that handle more intricate types of transactions.

Businesses that collect income through accounts receivable and receive items and inventory on credit are better prepared to use this strategy than other types of companies.

After publishing a transaction as an item of revenue or expense, this method generates a second record in order to track that transaction’s connection to a connected account.

For instance, if you receive money from a customer, you should document this transaction as income and attach the funds to the customer’s account.

In the event that you are subject to an audit or are required to identify the origins of income and cost payments, you will have a paper trail at your disposal, allowing you to access information in a timely manner.

This system operates with the help of debits and credits, which are terms that accountants use to describe increases and decreases in the balance of each account that is impacted by your actions. This system works because of these terms.

A double-entry process is frequently utilised by businesses that are larger and more complex. This interface will also be of use to smaller businesses that conduct more complex banking transactions.

The first step in the process of using the double-entry method is to report individual transactions as either income or expense items.

After that, the computer will insert a second sub-entry that will link the transaction to the appropriate account. It gives you the ability to monitor five distinct transactions at the same time, including your costs, revenues, stocks, assets, and liabilities.

It is also possible for it to determine increases and decreases inside each account by employing debits and credits. It operates according to the principle known as the “two-fold effect,” which states that for every value added (credit), there must be a value subtracted from the total (credit).

The ability to understand what aspects of an organization’s assets and liabilities are impacted by a particular business transaction is critical for a number of reasons, including the generation of accurate projections for the future, the upkeep of current financial records, and accurate asset and liability tracking.

Companies with gross sales of less than $5 million or gross receipts of less than $1 million for inventory sales are not required to use the double-entry system, while businesses with gross sales of more than $5 million or gross receipts of more than $1 million are required to use it.

A single-entry system is incapable of managing the complexities of such a large organisation since there are simply too many of them.

Many business owners prefer the double-entry technique because it makes financial statements easier to interpret. Every transaction is recorded, and the impact on the relevant account is obvious.

It offers a comprehensive analysis of the current state of the company’s finances.

You may easily identify errors, growth patterns, loss patterns, and other significant facts by comparing different time periods.

As a consequence of this, businesses are able to evaluate their anticipated financial potential in a comprehensive manner and plan accordingly.

The double-entry method is superior in most respects; yet, it is a difficult system to grasp if one does not have any prior experience with it. In addition, owners of start-up companies who are interested in reducing their overhead costs can find that they are unable to manage the system on their own. In this case, they will need to hire an accountant. In general, additional labour and financial investment are needed to keep this system operational.


Online Bookkeeping

A virtual bookkeeper is an internet-based financial manager who handles all of your financial matters. Many people, particularly those who find the single-entry and double-entry techniques of accounting to be burdensome and difficult to administrate, favour the use of virtual accounting services.

One category of financial manager that can be found online is known as a “virtual bookkeeper.” Because single-entry and double-entry accounting are both difficult to handle and take a lot of time, many people find that virtual accounting services are the most convenient option.

A virtual book-keeper or accountant is a fantastic alternative to hiring an on-site bookkeeper or accountant due to the cost. Virtual bookkeepers and accountants cost a fraction of what an on-site team would, yet they are just as effective.

Although invoicing, payroll ledgers, and expense receipts are the most common accounting-related duties, virtual bookkeepers are able to complete any accounting-related tasks that you want. They will perform your accounting utilising either the single-entry or double-entry method.

The use of specialised accounting software is typically obligatory when working with a virtual bookkeeper.

They could, for example, suggest that you get QuickBooks so you can keep track of all your receipts and transactions.

They will have access to your account and will be able to keep track of your accounts, arrange them, and reconcile them on your behalf. This makes things easier for everyone involved.

In the event that this strategy is unsuccessful, you and your virtual book-keeper can formulate an alternative strategy. They will collaborate with you to design an accounting system that not only lightens your workload but also maintains absolute order across all of your information.

The most obvious advantage of hiring a virtual book-keeper is the reduction in costs; however, there are other advantages as well.

It’s quite adaptable—your bookkeeper may work whenever it’s convenient for them. You’ll also get access to federal rules and the most up-to-date tools. Furthermore, these bookkeepers frequently provide additional account-related services, such as tax preparation.

Because you can be transmitting sensitive information over the internet, maintaining data security is an important consideration. In addition, these accounts are susceptible to certain vulnerabilities, including the possibility of being misunderstood. On the other hand, it could be an excellent method for managing your finances, providing that you take precautions to ensure that your communications are kept private and that you share all relevant information with your book-keeper.

If the idea of keeping single-entry and double-entry books makes you queasy, using virtual accounting services may be able to alleviate some of your discomfort.

The necessity for expensive CPA fees or an on-staff book-keeper is eliminated when one uses a virtual book-keeper instead. The vast majority of bookkeepers working online are able to process payroll ledgers, expense receipts, and sales invoices in electronic format.

Your financial dealings are recorded in the appropriate journals and ledgers, and you will receive an electronic copy of your reports. Virtual bookkeepers are typically certified public accountants or accountants with degrees who charge lower rates than private accounting firms.

Bookkeeping Software

Accounting software is used by many owners of small businesses in order to maintain track of their companies’ financial activities. You do not need to be an expert in the double-entry accounting system in order to utilise software like Quickbooks or Sage (formerly Peachtree), even though these programmes use the method. Quickbooks and Sage were originally known as Peachtree. These tools are simple to use and will urge you to enter information so that your transactions may be finished and sent in. The application is sold in a number of different iterations, ranging from the most fundamental to the most professional, and it may be obtained in desktop, web, or cloud-based formats.

The typical book-keeper will find it challenging to understand and manage the majority of accounting systems; thus, there has been an explosion of automated bookkeeping solutions on the market. Because these structures exist, it will not be difficult for you to input transactions using either the single-entry or double-entry methods.

Bookkeeping software may be useful for businesses of any size, from very tiny to very large. Simple interfaces make it possible for small firms to effortlessly keep track of all of their accounts and transactions. Because a straightforward accounting software package is all that is required, customised services are unneeded.

It is nearly guaranteed that larger businesses will require the services of a book-keeper; nevertheless, it is possible that computer software might assist everyone stay on the same page. Given that no two companies are exactly the same, it is highly likely that they will desire a solution that is tailored specifically to fit their needs.

The fact that computerised systems are fully automated is the primary selling point of these systems. It is able to promptly record receivables and payables since it is based on transactions that occur in real time. All of the transactional processes are made more accurate while also receiving a speed boost.

It is expensive, and you may find that you need assistance in the beginning when you are putting it up. It is also not as foolproof as the majority of people believe it to be. For instance, a company’s financial data could be distorted or stolen, which would have a detrimental effect on the business’s bottom line. Nevertheless, it is a realistic solution for any business that is looking for customizable services at an affordable price.

You should first think about whether the information provided is appropriate and the nature of the relevant financial product in light of your goals, your current financial situation, and your needs before taking any action based on any of the information written in this post about bookkeeping system.

You should seek counsel, in particular, from a dependable and knowledgeable financial and accounting specialist. Additionally, it’s possible that the Taxation Office and the Australian Government’s legislation would be revised consistently. We demand that formal financial and accounting professional counsel be sought first before acting on the basis of the information supplied here.


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